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Gynecomastia is the enlargement of breasts in male. It occurs due to increased estrogen levels. The main reason behind the condition is imbalance in male hormones called the testosterone. It is common during infancy, puberty and normally in developing boys. Gynecomastia can also develop among persons on excessive drugs, antibiotics, corticosteroids, obesity, hyperthyroidism, chronic kidney failure, anti – anxiety medicines, etc.
Here is a complete guide on who should consider the procedure, how the procedure is done, the techniques used, causes, symptoms, etc.
Consultation with renowned doctors like dr grawe Columbus Ohio can be of great help in this regard.
Types Of Gynecomastia
There are two types of Gynecomastia. One is enlarged glandual tissues. Other type is deposition of fat in the breast area.
What Is Gynecomastia Surgery?
The surgery involves the tissues and excess fat from man’s chest. It is performed to give it a masculine look. The surgery makes the chest look flatter. It is performed on men who have enlarged chest or sagging chests. It is not a weight reduction procedure.
The procedure is performed under anaesthesia. There are 3 main techniques used in the treatment.
- An incision is made around the nipples. Through the incision the tissues are removed.
- Liposuction is used to suck out the fatty tissue in the chest
- Thin cannula or hollow tubes are inserted through several small incisions
- Cannula is moved to loosen the fat. The fat is then removed through vacuum suction.
- If lot of tissues are present around the chest, extended incisions might be necessary. It might also require repositioning of the nipples. This technique is called Excision technique.
Who Should Consider Gynecomastia Surgery?
- The persons with the condition of Gynecosmatia that cannot be corrected through other treatments or medications.
- The person should not have life threatening medical conditions. This might affect the person while recovering.
- One should be healthy and should be of normal weight
Precautions Before Surgery
- Chests and under arms are completely shaved
- Do not drink or eat 6 hours before the surgery
- Complete the mandated tests that are basically done for every surgery like blood and urine test. This is to check the body condition like sugar, cholesterol, salt levels, etc.
- Wear comfortable clothes
Precautions After Surgery
- A small dressing is made and a pressure garment is applied to minimise the swelling.
- One can bath the very next day
- The sutures are removed in 10 – 14 days after surgery.
- One can start his normal life in 2 days. They can even start exercising in a week
- Avoid driving for 24 hours
Risks Of The Surgery
The risks of the surgery are minimal and subside within 14 days. They are as follows
- Selling and Pain
Is The Surgery A Permanent Solution?
As the glandular tissues are removed, there are minimal or no chances of recurrence However, it also differs from patient to patient. It is better to consult the doctor for post surgery recommendation