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Well-known for the serenity that the countryside offers with the midnight sun and the snowy flakes, Norway is one country that personifies beauty. The country has a lot more in store for every explorer to delve into; the spectacular snow-capped skiing mountains, the Sampi Culture Park, Norwegian Fjords, glistening Northern lights and the chilling Snow Hotel. While nature adorns the country impeccably, the state governing powers have imbued more charm into the country’s landscape with every possible developmental embellishment.
One of the essential commodities that the country delivers seamlessly is electricity, and it plays a key role in keeping the country the way it has always been. The land stays lit with all those vibrant colours, augmenting the indigenous culture and lush sceneries. The various innovations that sprouted out from all around the world instilled development within Norway at a fast pace. The field of electricity has taken the wheel towards rapid growth to meet the needs of the public. Visit Strøm365.no to have a look at the incandescent streets of Norway.
Norway has adopted various methods of electricity production over the years, and one of the most recent ones among them is the geothermal energy. Let’s take a look at geothermal energy production.
It is the form of energy that is present in the heat that generates in the sub-surface of earth. The geothermal energy is present in the fluids and rocks beneath the surface of the earth and could be extracted from these fluids and rocks by digging wells. Wells could be drilled to different depths depending upon the characteristics of the place and the reservoir depth. The energy that would be stored in the underground water/steam might go as deep as to where molten rocks (magma) are present, and this source of energy could be accessed through such wells and harnessed through specific processes to generate electricity. The geothermal energy is also extracted as a form of cooler in the summer and heater in the winters.
The geothermal energy has been at the forefront of the top sources of electrical power for more than a century now. Clean electricity could be generated out of the water/steam resource available underground, which is accessed through the shallow/deep wells, and in turn, drives the turbines that are connected to electricity generators. In a nutshell, this is what takes place in the process of electricity generation through the turbine-driven geothermal energy plants. Dry steams, binary and flash are the three major types of geothermal energy plants.
Pros and Cons
This form of energy, like any other, has its share of pros and cons.
- No fossil fuels are used for geothermal electricity generation, thereby reducing the risk of receding levels of these fuels.
- The geothermal power plants produce relatively lower levels of carbon-dioxide than that of the plants that are run on natural gases. The binary plants emit contents with almost zero carbon-dioxide composition.
- The electricity generated by geothermal energy would cost less due to such advantages.
- Geothermal energy does not possess a sporadic nature like that of solar and wind power, making it available throughout the year.
- There are chances for some geothermal reserves to cool down after a point and that too with the current climatic conditions it is most likely to happen.
- Removal of hydrogen sulfide with a putrid smell to it makes the environment unhealthy to live.
- The waste content that is egressed out of the plants might contain toxic matter that potentially pollutes the environment.
Rise of Geothermal Energy in Norway
Over the years the countries of Sweden and Iceland have relied more upon the geothermal energy for electricity production; Norway is also planning for a full-fletched implementation of this mode of electricity generation. As the climatic conditions and environmental statuses are changing rapidly, Norway has also moved onto this alternative by exploiting the geothermal potential of the state and introducing enhanced drilling methods.